Creative Commons is a non-active organisation that gives licenses to the creators. It should be noted that a creator needs the common creative license for publishing his/her work. After getting this license, the creators can permit others to use their work under certain conditions.

When we publish an article or a photograph in a scientific journal, a creative common license automatically protects it by copyrights. Copyrights protect the creator’s work from being copied without permission. No one can directly copy, or upload a copyrighted work. Only restricted acts are allowed by the authors. In short, a CC license is a tool for authorship. Because of this tool, the creator has complete control over his work even after it’s published.

The most important thing about the creative commons license is that you can use copyright data for educational purposes. So a teacher and student can easily copy and promote a creative common work (CC work). Even these entities have the permission to modify or remix the work in the absence of the creator’s permission.

In general, creative common license means ‘All Rights Reserved. On one side, a CC license gives full control over the work to a researcher. But on the other side, it comes with a list of questions that often come into the user’s mind. Like, what can I do with this work? So in standard form, it deals with both creators, as well as the user’s perspectives.

1. CC Obligations And Standard Rights

The international non-profit organisation creative common allots six core licenses. Each of these six licenses deal with different scenarios. Each describes different rights, and obligations for the public to use the material in different ways.

1.1  User’s Obligation As Per Creative Common Criteria:

A person who is using a creator’s work must acknowledge the following points;

  1. Creative common license compels the user to attribute the original researcher.
  2. The user’s obligation is to get permission from the original authors. This is applied if his activities go beyond the acts described within the license. As usual, the forbidden activities by creative common organisation include two things. First one is the commercial use of others’ work. Whereas the other one is creating a derivative work without permission.
  3. Further, cc license users’ obligations forbid the users to keep the copyright notice attached. In short, duplicate, or derivate work must not contain the Copyright notice. Because that notice is the property of original work.
  4. The users should not link, and indicate the license issued to a researcher.
  5. In derivative work, it is the user’s obligation to indicate that he himself made changes in the original content.

The creative common license rules are not biased. This is because they emphasise the obligation of the users. But in many cases, it specifies the rights of users as well. Let’s discuss users’ rights in the upcoming section.

1.2 User Rights

CC license allows the users to pursue the following activities;

  1. Users can copy the work. In copying activities, they can scan, upload, download, print, and photocopy researches.
  2. Users can perform as well as display the work/research.
  3. Users can distribute copies of the original work for public awareness.
  4. Last but not least, users can even shift the format. For example, they can convert the PDF into word, DVD, or CD.

The above mentioned are a few basic CC material user’s rights. Yet the other rights may vary from license to license. Further, all licenses will never allow you to alter the License terms. It strictly forbids users from harming the creator’s reputations. Moreover, as a copier, you must not dodge the audience by claiming false sponsorship of the work. Besides this, some people imply restrictions on others’ work by using digital rights management. CC license aims to monitor these, and many other activities as well.

2. Six Standard Creative Common Licenses

  1. Attribution (BY). For both commercial, and non-commercial use.
  2. Attribution-Non-commercial (BY-NC). For non-commercial use only.
  3. Attribution-No Derivative Works (BY-ND). For both commercial, and non-commercial use.
  4. Attribution-Non-commercial-Share Alike (BY-NC-SA). For non-commercial use only.
  5. Attribution-Non-commercial-No Derivative Works (BY-NC-ND). For non-commercial use only.
  6. Attribution-Share Alike (BY-SA). For both commercial, and non-commercial use.

In all six standard creative common licenses, you can use, share, adapt, or modify the published-licensed research. But they differ in their symbols, purpose, and non-commercial/commercial aspects.

3. Important Things To Do Before Using The CC Material In Research:

If you are a dissertation researcher and want to use the CC material, then before using it, you must ask the following questions to yourself;

3.1 Have I Read The CC License Terms Or Followed Them?

If you’re not following the rules stated by CC license, then standard copyright laws may apply to you. For not following the aspect of getting permission from the author, you’ll be liable for Copyright infringement.

3.2 Am I Doing Copyright Infringement?

Many times, during online data extraction, unintentional copyright infringing occurs. The students who are unaware of the copyright, and creative common license terms commit this mistake. Many researchers who don’t have an idea about the copyright rules post CC material online. But as described in the previous section, within many licenses, users are not allowed to use the material for commercial purposes. Hence, common advice for getting rid of such unintentional acts is to not locate the copyright notice before commercial use.

3.3 What Should Be The Fate Of My Final Research?

It is important to ponder at the beginning what end you want for your work. If you want a CC license for your work too, then you must choose which license you want to use. You should also ponder on which license will be the most useful. This is because it decides what CC material you can take in.

In the end, I must say that there are tons of tools that can help in seeking copyright permission for your creative, or research work too. Public Domain Slider, Section 108 spinner, and the Exceptions for Instructors tool are among a few that you can consider for some creative work.





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